Situation

唐氏综合症

唐氏综合症是行动速度比较慢,无论是在肌能,认知和语言等各方面。他们需要时间适应,学习较慢一点,仍然会达到终点。经过学习后,能与人沟通,过着与普通人一样的生活。

初识唐氏综合症的人,大多数会觉得外貌相似,外表的特征包括:扁斜眼、扁鼻、手指短小、个子普遍矮小及部分有痴肥倾向。他们拥有独特的个性和思想感情,热爱音乐与舞蹈,天性乐天纯真,喜欢模仿别人。

唐氏综合症并非疾病,故不能用药物手术去根治,是需要及早和充裕的训练,学习机会,只有透过不断的学习才能让他们健康愉快的成长。

Down Syndrome

People with down syndrome are slower paced in terms of muscle energy, cognition and language. By giving them extra time to adapt and learn, they can reach the goal they set out to achieve. With learning, they can communicate with others and live the same life as ordinary people. The characteristics of people with down syndrome include: squinty eyes, flat nose, short fingers, generally short with some suffering from obesity. People with down syndrome have a unique personality and thoughts, and love music and dancing. They have a pure and innocent nature, and like to imitate others. Down syndrome is not a disease, so it cannot be cured by medicine or surgery. With early and sufficient training, coupled with continuous learning opportunities, they too can grow up healthily and happily.

精神问题

精神问题特征是幻想、胡思乱想、异常兴奋、情绪大起大落、有自虐的倾向。有给予关心、耐心,通过沟通要了解问题才能给予帮助。

精神问题主要是由于家庭,社会环境等外在原因,和患者自身的生理遗传因素,神经生化因素等内在原因相互作用所导致的心理活动、行为及神经系统功能紊乱为主要特征。

Mental Problems

People who suffer from mental problems have fantasies, unusual excitement, extreme mood swings, have a bee in one’s head woolgather, and can be self-abusive. To help them, one needs to have a great deal of patience, caring nature, and the ability to communicate and understand the person and the problems he or she faces. Mental problems are mainly due to external factors such as family and social environment, genetic makeup, nervous system, which come together to cause dysfunctional psychological activities and behaviors.

自闭症

自闭症是发展、语言障碍,是由神经细胞紊乱影响脑补运作而引导的,在沟通方面和人际关系都有着障碍问题。在学习上缺乏专注力或是过度集中专注某事物,使他们经常无法记住一些他们需要牢记的事情。 因此可利用他们喜欢的食物来吸引他们的专注,或用作奖励,使他们按照指示去学习。有些自闭症会做出一些特别或过激的行为,例如:摇头、拍手、发出特别的声音等等。 在情绪方面,有时会哭笑无常,对一些小事或声音做出过激反应,也极少察觉别人的感受和情绪反应。

Autism

Autism is caused by developmental and language disorders due to a neurological problem that affects the brain. People who have autism have difficulties in communication and interpersonal relationships. Lack of concentration in learning or excessive concentration makes them unable to remember. Some of the ways to help them include using the food they like to increase their concentration, or using the food they like as a reward to follow the instruction. Some people with autism can behave in an erratic or extreme way, such as shaking their head, clapping their hands, making special sounds, and so on. When it comes to emotion, they can cry and laugh without any apparent reason. They might also have extreme reaction to minor matters or sounds, and can be ignorant to the feelings and emotion of others.